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How to Plant Potatoes in Buckets

How to Plant Potatoes in buckets

Fantastic video from The Young Grower showing how to plant potatoes in pots. Now that we are further into spring, chitting is not so important and so you can plant with less/no chitting. Remember geography plays a huge part in planting and so don’t think you are behind – potatoes can be planted all through April and into May. Follow this inspirational young grower for lots of tips ….and pics of his chooks! He is so right to grow varieties that you can’t easily buy in shops.

How to Chit Potatoes

– Social Media Gardener
– No Dig Organic Gardening
– Heirloom & Heritage veg
– Writer for Kitchen Garden Magazine

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Add colour to your plate with heritage spuds

Sine Robertson wrote an article about our Heritage Spuds for the Scottish Farmer

With Covid-19 advice and regulations urging people to stay at home since March, last year, there’s been a growing interest in gardening.

One agricultural supplier who benefitted from this and has worked to encourage it, is Potato House, based at Auchterhouse, just outside Dundee. This is a brand created some years ago by the firmly established, Skea Organics, to distinguish its trade in heritage and specialist spud varieties which, although certified free of disease, may not be grown under strictly organic conditions.

Spuds that we like – the Skea children with their chosen varieties. Calum Skea (left) opted for Dunbar Standard as his top pick (his mother has Dunbar family ancestry); Catriona features her own name, Catriona; while Morag preferred Edzell Blue

Amy Skea explained the unexpected benefit of lockdown: “In spring, 2020, we saw a boom in small scale orders, so we have revamped our website to be more user friendly and accessible to people who are not experienced commercial growers.

“It is dedicated to the gardeners and passionate, small growers who are looking for high quality seed potatoes with a unique taste and specific characteristics. Local buyers can collect their orders direct from the farm.”

Amy’s husband, Andrew, runs the sales side of the business while his brother, John, produces the crop. Andrew pointed out: “As a company, most of our harvest is organic seed for commercial growers, but we grow more than 80 varieties in total. As well as specialist varieties, our range includes ware potatoes for shops, box schemes and restaurants.”

Add colour to your plate with heritage potatoes
Field of dreams! Amy Skea and her family are at the forefront of keeping heritage and specialist potato varieties alive as well as supplying mainstream organic spud growers

In November, 2020, the Skea family celebrated 50 years of farming and growing potatoes at Auchterhouse. Andrew and John’s parents, John and Mary, moved to East Mains Farm, having previously farmed at Kilry, in Angus.

East Mains was converted to organic in 1999 and has been one of the leading producers of organic seed potatoes since then. The family produce a mix of gluten-free oats, vegetables, beef and sheep, which together created a sustainable crop rotation for the farm.

Making the most of their new niche market, in addition to the website, Amy has a lively and attractive Facebook page where she does more than just promote the brand. The company publicised a national Grow Your Own project and participated by donating seed to local primary schools.

On the page, Amy runs competitions and shares links to customers’ social media, magazines and other groups to build a community of interest for enthusiastic growers. She acknowledged the honesty of one horticultural blogger, mentioning her disappointment that her seed potatoes arrived unwashed, not matching the shiny versions advertised!

The images of pink and purple fleshed tubers, bowls of colourful mash and tonally ringed crisps catch the eye while the more definitive array of stock, displaying characteristic tuber shapes and skin colours alongside the cut section of each variety, attracts the attention of the serious grower and the adventurous cook.

A Facebook confession that the next generation of young Skeas share their names – Catriona, Morag and Calum – with spud varieties, attests to the family’s obsession with the crop and the open, friendly nature of their internet presence.

Meanwhile, following a boom year for Potato House, Brexit has pulled the rug from under the feet of our national seed potato market. Scottish seed producers traditionally supply both UK and European ware growers, who benefit from Scotland’s high health status, which in turn is a benefit from our cold Northern climate, which is generally too harsh for the diseases which devastate crops grown in milder climes.

Add colour to your plate with heritage spuds
Andrew Skea has seen a lucrative trade in heritage potatoes to overseas buyers drop to zero because of Brexit, but hope the home market will pick up the shortfall for his business, the Potato House

Since leaving EU, the UK is forbidden to export seed or ware to EU and it has also hit the Potato House’s trade in heritage-style potatoes. Amy added: “France, Holland and Germany love yellow potatoes, which people in the UK would turn their nose up at. We have built a market supplying EU growers with the seed varieties they need, but we have had to close our online shop to customers in the EU and Northern Ireland.

“Until our government and the EU can agree a dynamic alignment of seed potato certification and plant health standard, we cannot predict what markets will be available to us at harvest, but we need to plan this year’s planting for the season ahead.”

While it seemed likely that pressure on both sides of the Channel would bring about agreements to enable export, hope is now fading that exports to EU and Northern Ireland will be possible for next season.

Add colour to your plate with heritage spuds
All the colours of the rainbow – a mixture of heritage potatoes and some tasty delights they can provide

Even if there is last minute intervention, it will probably be too costly to continue the increased number of smaller scale orders to the EU that Potato House has developed.

Certification, phytosanitary and other logistical issues may be borne on large orders to commercial growers, but sadly, they will make smaller parcel and single pallet orders unviable.

But, on the bright side, there are also those legions of new gardeners out there in lockdown looking to grow something really different, colourful and tasty for the table. And now you know where to get them.

Heritage Spuds the Skeas are growing this year

The Scottish Farmer – informing, entertaining and fighting for Scotland’s farmers since 1893

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Scotland’s Larder: A snapshot of Potato House

We had the pleasure of an interview with Catriona Thomson from the Scotsman – Scotland’s Larder. This article sums up our challenges as well as our opportunities just now and provides a snapshot of Potato House. All text and photographs are (c) The Scotsman and are used with permission. The photographer, Lisa Ferguson had her work cut out – the lab was running around too, but didn’t want his picture taken.

Andrew Skea from The Potato HouseAndrew Skea from The Potato House. Picture by Lisa Ferguson

Scotland’s Larder: Andrew Skea from The Potato House

First Published 3rd February 2021 Scotland’s Larder

In this week’s Scotland’s larder we talk to Andrew Skea, from Potato House about how Brexit is affecting the Scottish seed potato industry and about growing your own heritage spuds.

Whether it is for baking, boiling, roasting, making chips or for mash, Andrew Skea knows a thing or two about the humble potato.

Andrew’s grandfather was involved in growing seed potatoes on a mixed arable from the 1950’s so potato growing is definitely in the blood.

Andrew explains that growing up, “that was pretty much all that was talked about.”

Andrew and his brother now take on the main growing duties at East Mains farm near Auchterhouse, but he said, “my father is still dodging around.”

Andrew founded Skea Organics, 20 years ago to supply farmers throughout UK and Europe and further afield with seed potatoes.

However his latest online venture selling a wide range of heritage varieties directly to the gardeners via their website The Potato House, has really taken off.

Andrew Skea with his children Calum Skea (14), Catriona Skea (13) Morag Skea (10)
Andrew Skea with his children Calum Skea (14), Catriona Skea (13) Morag Skea (10) Picture Lisa Ferguson.

Tattie picking

Andrew is old enough to remember the joy of the October holidays and tattie picking in all weathers, and reflects, “younger people ‘don’t do’ tattie picking now.”

Harvesting is now mechanised in the main, but they have some small test plots for different varieties on the farm which they do pick by hand.

Laughing he said: “but I’ve got a bit of a breeding programme and I’ve got a captive squad of my children: Calum (14), Catriona (13) and Morag (10) so I get them and their pals out to go tattie picking.”

It is only two or three days work a year and he chooses good weather for them.

Seed potatoes from Potato House
Seed potatoes from Potato House: Picture Lisa Ferguson.

He added:  “when we used to pick tatties: the first day your back got really sore, the second day it was just about alright, and from then on it was fine.

“The problem now is they are only doing three days so they don’t actually get to the enjoyable bit. But it is a novelty picking tatties for them, they think they are working hard but they are not at all. They have no idea.

“You don’t realise how much the world has changed in the past 35 years. The money that you earned tattie picking was crucial in those days.

“We were very lucky that the money we earned didn’t get used to buy new school shoes, but I remember that was what a lot of people were working for.”

Spuds U like

Chefs always have a favourite fashionable spud and the current one is Yukon Gold, which Gordon Ramsay is a fan of. Andrew said, “it has a bit more flavor and it is good for mashing and boiling.”

Andrew’s personal favourite is Arran Victory, of which he said, “I think it is the best roasting one that there is out of the hundred odd that we grow. That is the one we would have for Christmas dinner.”

As I’m named after a second early potato myself, I ask about my namesake called Catriona, which they have just added that to their growing list again. He said,  “I remember it from my childhood, it has a good flavour.”

The seed potato industry is traditionally strong in Scotland because of our climate.

Potatoes are different from every other crop because they are actually tubers from the adult plant, and are genetically identical to the original so are more susceptible to viruses.

Every year as you multiply them there is a possibility that an aphid will come along and infect that crop with a virus and the next year the crop will not grow so well.

To solve that problem you have to grow your seed potatoes in parts of the world where you don’t have so many aphids, somewhere that is a bit cooler, windier and damper.

Luckily he said, “in Scotland, the aphids just don’t like it here.

“Tatties go through phases of popularity; some get launched and stay for a long time, and some of them are more  flash in the pan, and then they disappear.”

Andrew Skea looks at his seed potato
Andrew Skea carefully checks over his seed potatoes: Picture Lisa Ferguson.

The Scottish government keeps an archive of varieties at The Scottish Agricultural Science Agency laboratory at Gogar, and the process of restoring a variety for sale starts from getting virus free stock from them.

Andrew explained: “to restore a variety they will send me some of the disease free plants in a test tube which I will then plant and multiply.

“After four or five years I will have enough certified tubers to start selling it again.

“I’ve got to comply with all the regulations about seed potato production, so we get inspected by the government and everything is checked so that it is virus free.

“That just wouldn’t be possible to do in the south of England or warmer places because you would get viruses within a year or two. Disease free stock is what the whole Scottish seed potato industry depends on.”

The process he describes is on a relatively small scale for his business needs, but the same thing applies on a larger scale for supplying seed for McCain chips or McDonald fries which use Russet Burbank

Old fashioned

Andrew said, “there has always been a bit of enthusiasm in Scotland for breeding new varieties, so there are lots of potato geeks out there like me.”

The DNA bank at Gogar is one of the main collections of potato varieties in the world, and it provides potential material for breeders to use in the future.

He tells me about famous breeders, like Archibald Findlay from Auchtermuchty who bred: Catriona and British Queen and Majestic which at one time was the biggest variety in the UK.

Arran Victory was bred on the Isle of Arran by Donald Mackelvie in 1918 and named to celebrate the end of the Great War. It is floury and good for mash and a great late-season plant.

Dunbar Standard and Rover were bred in 1936 by Charles T. Spence of Tynefield Farm, Dunbar. Andrew said,we have just started selling Dunbar Standard again and we are hoping to get going soon with Dunbar Rover.

Golden wonder  was bred over 100 years ago, in Scotland by a Mr. Brown of Arbroath.

Highland Burgundy has been around for 100 years and we don’t know who bred it originally, but it has a dull russet layer over a bright burgundy skin.

Edzell Blue is a floury variety that if over boiled will just turn into soup. There is an old story about judging an Angus housewife by how well she can cook her Edzell Blues.

Andrew Skea potato
Just one of the heritage varieties on offer online. Picture Lisa Ferguson.

He chuckled and explained, “when I got together with my wife Amy, she thought it was hilarious that my nickname was “Tattie” but if your father was a potato farmer in rural Angus or Perthshire, then you were called Tattie.

In Scotland, potatoes are a big industry with agronomists, breeders, scientists, inspectors, exporters and farmers, “it is one of the things that Scotland is renowned for around the world,” Andrew said.

They often export quirky old potatoes to Germany, he said  “they love our spuds, however right now we can’t export at all, due to Brexit.”

Andrew said, “I was optimistic and relatively relaxed because I thought it would be sorted within a few weeks. The current thinking is that sales to the EU will not be possible for next year- this is pretty devastating since that is where 45% of our tatties go.”

“I personally blame the UK for leaving the Brexit agreement so late – they only got a deal with 10 days to go, so it didn’t leave enough time to go through the process to get our potato deal finalised.”

“We knew about this cliff edge since January last year, so we delivered all the seeds early for this season in Germany, in November and December to avoid the problem.”

“We need to know if we are going to have a market, before we plant the crops this year, in April, but on balance that now it is looking unlikely.”

“Andrew said, “I had naive faith that it was sensible for a deal to be arrived at. However politics is much more complicated than that and a few farmers selling a small number of trucks loads of seed potatoes is not a major priority for politicians in London, who have  Brexit principles to uphold.”

To chit or not to chit?

On the question of chitting spuds, Andrew said, “it is a great idea.”

Chitting is method of preparing potatoes for planting by placing seed potatoes in a tray, shielded from direct sunlight. All but three or four of the “eyes” of the potato are removed, leaving only the strongest growth.

The reason Andrew explained, is: ” it gets your crop off to a much better start.  They will come through the ground in two weeks instead of about four weeks.

“That maybe doesn’t sound that critical at the start of the season but at the end of the season you will have a much better crop when the blight comes.

“We have been supplying garden centres for 20 plus years but being able to sell direct to the public is allowing us to offer a better range, and we are really enthused by that at the moment.

Andrew Skea from The Potato House
Andrew Skea from The Potato House: Picture Lisa Ferguson.

“I see an increasing demand for people to get more in touch with their food. Nowadays we are seeing a huge increase in six tuber packs, so people choose a wider range to grow.

“It’s more of a leisure thing and eating the potatoes is just a bonus.

“In the past the potato industry was all about yield and appearance and getting potatoes as cheap as possible onto supermarket shelves, but it is coming back towards flavour and cooking characteristics.

“Some of the older traditional varieties like Edzell Blue and Arran Victory, Kerr’s pink and other traditional Scottish favourites have been superseded in the supermarket by lower dry matter blemish free but relatively tasteless ones.”

Andrew continued: “what we are doing is trying to keep these older varieties that have got a bit more character available to grow in your garden.

“There is something that makes growing your own worthwhile, producing something special that you can’t get anywhere else.”

The Potato House

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How to Chit Potatoes

This is a great video about how to chit potatoes by The Young Grower. He advocates a no-dig approach, however, the chitting methods are the same. His page is very informative on all aspects of veg growing. And chickens! You can’t forget the chooks!

Please be aware though that the differences in the UK in the weather are huge! Don’t be tempted to start chitting too early if you are not in the tropics of Cornwall. The potatoes will get very leggy and have no energy left by the time comes to plant. If you open your door just now to snow, it is probably too early! If you plant in April you would be chitting at the start-mid March. (Note the competition mentioned has now finished) Keep your potatoes in a cool (not frosty) dark place until you are ready.

How to Chit Potatoes

– Social Media Gardener
– No Dig Organic Gardening
– Heirloom & Heritage veg
– Writer for Kitchen Garden Magazine

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No room? Potatoes can be planted in compost bags

You don’t need fancy equipment to grow potatoes! Compost bags are ideal. Try and use a container that is dark to stop any light getting to the roots and the new tubers. Light makes the new tubers go green.

Andrew Oldham from Life on Pig row certainly didn’t complicate things when he planted his Christmas potatoes from Potato House!

You can read about his experience of planting potatoes for Christmas on his blog

Andrew’s blog shows Down to earth growing and cooking high on the Saddleworth hills. The Oldham family (Andrew, Carol and D) have created an inspiring kitchen garden which provides a wealth of rich flavours for the kitchen and larder. Their make do and mend attitude was born out of three years of recreating a Dig For Victory garden on their 1/4 acre plot. Well worth a follow!